Romans 3:1-4

In Romans 3:1-4 Paul tackles the question that his audience is thinking about after he made clear that God’s love and grace was available to all, not just the Jews. “Then what advantage has the Jew? Or what is the value of circumcision?”  Paul has carefully explained in Romans 2 that the possession of the law or circumcision will not save a Jewish person. In fact, it won’t save any of us. Salvation is not based on who we are or what actions we might take. It is a matter of the heart if we fall short of complete obedience to the law, which is how all of us will stand before God, plain sinners!

Paul answers his own question about the advantage people have being Jewish. “Much in every way. To begin with, the Jews were entrusted with the oracles of God.” Paul knows there are many advantages God gave to the Jewish people. In particular, He entrusted them with the oracles of God, which speaks of God’s written revelation before the time of Jesus. He gave the Jewish people His Word, and that is an indescribable gift. Trapp wrote “This was their prime privilege, that they were God’s library-keepers, that this heavenly treasure was credited to them.” God gave His Word to His people, and that is a foundational advantage, although many fell short of really leveraging that gift.

The reality is that many Jews did not receive and accept God’s truth. The fact that the Jewish people as a whole to that point had rejected the gospel did not mean that God’s faithfulness to them was in vain. It did not mean that God’s work was futile or without effect. “What if some were unfaithful? Does their faithlessness nullify the faithfulness of God?” Man’s response does not change God’s truth. Paul reminds us that God will be justified in all His actions. In the end, it will be demonstrated that even our unrighteousness somehow proclaimed His righteousness and glory, even if only in judgment.

Paul again answers his own question. “By no means! Let God be true though every one were a liar, as it is written, “That you may be justified in your words, and prevail when you are judged.” Spurgeon wrote “It is a strange, strong expression; but it is none too strong. If God says one thing, and every man in the world says another, God is true, and all men are false. God speaks the truth, and cannot lie. God cannot change; His Word, like Himself, is immutable. We are to believe God’s truth if nobody else believes it. The general consensus of opinion is nothing to a Christian. He believes God’s word, and he thinks more of that than of the universal opinion of men.” There is one source of truth – God’s Word.

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Romans 2:25-29

In Romans 2:25-29 Paul addresses some of the false assumptions in the spiritual arena.  The first had to do with the fact that Jews in that day believed that his circumcision guaranteed his salvation. He might be punished in the world to come, but could never be lost. Paul hits that thinking head on. “For circumcision indeed is of value if you obey the law, but if you break the law, your circumcision becomes uncircumcision.” Judgment is based on our obedience to the law – and nothing else. That’s how it was back in Paul’s day, and how it remains today. It’s why we’re all going to fall short and need Jesus.

Today many believe rituals, like baptism or the sacraments, might save the. It will not. “So, if a man who is uncircumcised keeps the precepts of the law, will not his uncircumcision be regarded as circumcision?”  Circumcision and baptism do about the same thing that a label on a can does. If the outer label doesn’t match with what is on the inside, something is wrong! If there are carrots inside the can, you can put a label that says “Peas” but it doesn’t change what is inside the can. Being born again changes what is inside the can, and then you can put the appropriate label on the outside. That label will be “Saved”.

Paul continues to try and drive home this point. “Then he who is physically uncircumcised but keeps the law will condemn you who have the written code and circumcision but break the law.” If a Gentile were to keep the righteous requirement of the law through his conscience, would he not be justified, instead of the circumcised Jewish man who did not keep the law? The point is emphasized: having the law or having a ceremony isn’t enough. God requires righteousness. We’re judged only on one thing – did we meet God’s standard?  To do so requires complete innocence from sin. And unfortunately that person doesn’t exist in any population. We are all sinners.

Paul gets to the heart of the matter – it isn’t about what we do outwardly but the condition of our heart. It’s what is inside that determines how we live and respond to God’s law. “For no one is a Jew who is merely one outwardly, nor is circumcision outward and physical.” We’re going to stand before God and deal with His judgment. So we better prepare. Even if the world around us praises us for how we live and what we do, that won’t cut it. The evidence of our rightness with God is not contained in outward signs or works, and it is not assured because of our parentage. The evidence is found in the work of God in our heart which shows itself in fruit. “But a Jew is one inwardly, and circumcision is a matter of the heart, by the Spirit, not by the letter. His praise is not from man but from God.”

William Newell summarizes Romans 2 with “Seven Great Principles of God’s Judgment” that are worth noting:

  • God’s judgment is according to truth (Romans 2:2).
  • God’s judgment is according to accumulated guilt (Romans 2:5).
  • God’s judgment is according to works (Romans 2:6).
  • God’s judgment is without partiality (Romans 2:11).
  • God’s judgment is according to performance, not knowledge (Romans 2:13).
  • God’s judgment reaches the secrets of the heart (Romans 2:16).
  • God’s judgment is according to reality, not religious profession (Romans 2:17-29).

Romans 2:17-24

In Romans 2:17-24 Paul gets after the Jews about their assumptions. Every “boast” of the Jewish man in this passage concerns the possession of law. The Jewish people of Paul’s day were extremely proud and confident in the fact that God gave His holy law to them as a nation. They believed this confirmed their status as a specially chosen people, and thus insured their salvation.  Paul challenges that belief. Many Jews believed that possession of the law was all that was required, but having it does not justify anyone. It is only when the law is in us and controls our heart that it can justify us. And unfortunately for all mankind, that simply does not happen as all have sinned and fallen short, even the Jews.

It comes down to this principle: “You have the law, do you keep it? You can see how others break the law, do you see how you break it also?” That’s what Paul is asking the Jewish people of his day, and the question we must answer as well. It is somewhat rhetorical, because the answer is that no one keeps it. “But if you call yourself a Jew and rely on the law and boast in God and know his will and approve what is excellent, because you are instructed from the law; and if you are sure that you yourself are a guide to the blind, a light to those who are in darkness, an instructor of the foolish, a teacher of children, having in the law the embodiment of knowledge and truth– you then who teach others, do you not teach yourself?”

Here is the truth we must address. God applies His law to both our actions and our attitudes. Sometimes we only want our attitudes evaluated, and sometimes only our actions. God will hold us accountable for both motives and actions. “While you preach against stealing, do you steal? You who say that one must not commit adultery, do you commit adultery? You who abhor idols, do you rob temples? You who boast in the law dishonor God by breaking the law.” It is not what we say that matters, it is what we do and how we live out the law. And unfortunately, that will be the thing we stand before God to defend. And we’ll be guilty as charged….

Many of us are hypocrites that talk about obedience and living as Christ Followers in public, but we unfortunately fall way short of actually living up to God’s required standards. And that causes those around us to question why it matters at all. Paul reminds the Jew that God said in the Old Testament that the failure of the Jew to obey the law causes Gentiles to blaspheme God. “For, as it is written, “The name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you.” We do damage to the name of God when we talk about how we follow Jesus, but live like we have no requirements at all. It is hypocrisy that shames the name and causes those around us to doubt it matters at all.

Romans 2:11-16

In Romans 2:11-16 Paul reminds us that God has one set of standards for all of us. There is no partiality, no matter race, creed, knowledge, location – it doesn’t matter. Some felt back in Paul’s day that Gentiles would be judged one way, and Jews another. But it is plain that isn’t the case, then or now. “For God shows no partiality.” Each of us will stand before God on our own and face the judgment of our lives compared to His standards. We’re going to come up short, which is why we have to have a saving relationship with the only solution to our sin problem – God’s answer which is Jesus Christ.

God’s not interested in whether we know what is right. He doesn’t care what our head knowledge is. He cares only about what is in our heart, and that is demonstrated by how we live and what we do. God’s righteous judgment is not withheld because someone has heard the law; it is only held back if someone actually does the law. “For it is not the hearers of the law who are righteous before God, but the doers of the law who will be justified.“ Make no mistake about it, people will be condemned, not because they have the law or do not have the law, but because they have sinned. Sin is the problem whether someone knows the law or not.

Some argue that people who don’t know the law won’t be subject to it. You know, those people in a faraway land who have never heard the gospel story. But Paul explains why the Gentile can be condemned without the law. Their conscience (which is the work of the law written in their hearts) is enough to condemn them – or, theoretically this law on the heart is enough to justify them. “For when Gentiles, who do not have the law, by nature do what the law requires, they are a law to themselves, even though they do not have the law.” It’s about the heart, and even those who have not ‘officially’ heard God’s law know it exists because of the world they live in.

People demonstrate that they understand things by the way they live. It is written on their hearts and our heart is what defines our actions. People who have never heard God’s word directly still have a moral compass they are accountable to – the conscience. “They show that the work of the law is written on their hearts, while their conscience also bears witness, and their conflicting thoughts accuse or even excuse them on that day when, according to my gospel, God judges the secrets of men by Christ Jesus.” On this day no man will escape God’s judgment by claiming ignorance of His written revelation. Violating God’s internal revelation is enough to condemn us all. We are all ultimately accountable to God.

Romans 2:5-10

In Romans 2:5-10 Paul reminds us that sin is creating a wrath in God’s judgment that we will face someday. Jesus is the answer to dealing with the wrath of sin. Jesus came because God loved us so much He sent His only Son to die on a Cross and give us the opportunity to overcome the wrath we create through sin and have it replaced by the atoning blood of Jesus. “But because of your hard and impenitent heart you are storing up wrath for yourself on the day of wrath when God’s righteous judgment will be revealed.” But when Jesus comes again, we’ll face the result of our sin and the wrath it has created unless we are covered by the blood of Christ.

We will stand before God on our own merits, and unfortunately not one of us will fare well on our own. We are all sinners – the scripture is very clear about that – and as a result we’ll be judged and punished based on that outcome. But God loved us enough to provide a way to redeem our souls from the very sin that condemns us. That’s why Jesus came – to give us a way to stand before God and be white as snow – covered by the blood of the Savior so our sin does not even show up on God’s radar. We will face Him based on our own works. But we can have the sin we’ve committed covered by the blood of the Lamb. That’s God’s provision to allow us to spend eternity with Him.

He will render to each one according to his works: to those who by patience in well-doing seek for glory and honor and immortality, he will give eternal life; but for those who are self-seeking and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, there will be wrath and fury.” God wants us to be saved. He knows we can’t make it on our own. If someone genuinely did good at all times, he could earn eternal life on his own effort – but there is none who will qualify, because all, in some way or another are, have been, or will be self-seeking and disobedience to the truth God has proclaimed. We are all doomed if we face God on our own merits.

Because all fall short of this standard of God’s requirement, God’s wrath will come to all who do evil – without respect to whether they are Jew or Gentile. We will all stand before God. “There will be tribulation and distress for every human being who does evil, the Jew first and also the Greek, but glory and honor and peace for everyone who does good, the Jew first and also the Greek.” It won’t be a pretty sight for those who face judgment on their own accord. No one will be immune – we all will stand before God. But thankfully God knew we would fail on our own and gave us a way to pass the entrance exam to eternal life with Him – a personal relationship with the Savior and Lord Jesus Christ. Are you ready to stand before Him?

Romans 2:4

In Romans 2:4 Paul takes on those who believe they are good because of their morals head on. We can’t get there by living a good life – because we aren’t perfect. So Paul points out that the person who believes he is good enough presumes upon the kindness, forbearance, and patience of God, which all should bring the moralist into a humble repentance instead of an attitude of superiority. “Or do you presume on the riches of his kindness and forbearance and patience, not knowing that God’s kindness is meant to lead you to repentance?” Guzik reminds us:

  1. Kindness is God’s kindness to us in regard to our past sin. He has been kind to us because He has not judged us yet though we deserve it.
  2. Forbearance is God’s tolerance with us in regard to our present sin. This very day – indeed, this very hour – we have fallen short of His glory, yet He holds back His judgment against us.
  3. Patience is God’s understanding of our future sin. He knows that we will sin tomorrow and the next day, yet He holds back His judgment against us.

Considering all this, it is no surprise that Paul describes these three aspects of God’s reaction toward us as riches. The riches of God’s mercy may be measured by four considerations:

  • His greatness– to wrong a great man is a great wrong and God is greatest of all – yet He shows mercy.
  • His omniscience– if someone knew all our sin, would they show mercy? Yet God shows mercy.
  • His power– sometimes wrongs are not settled because they are out of our power, yet God is able to settle every wrong against Him – yet He is rich in mercy.
  • The object of His mercy: mere man – would we show mercy to an ant? Yet God is rich in mercy.

Knowing how great God’s kindness is, it is a great sin to presume upon the graciousness of God, and we easily come to believe that we deserve it. We do not deserve any of these three aspects of God’s love, nor the riches of His mercy.

Sometimes men think of this as weakness in God. They say things like “If there is a God in heaven, let Him strike me dead!” When it doesn’t happen, they will say, “See, I told you there was no God.” Men misinterpret God’s forbearance and patience as His approval, and they refuse to repent. But they are wrong. They will discover that clearly when they stand before God on judgment day and have to account for all their sin. Without the saving grace of Christ, they will at that point discover that God’s kindness, forbearance, and patience is gone, and they will stand there without any answer to the question of why they should enter heaven. They can’t make it on their own. So they will not be allowed entry.

Many people misunderstand the goodness of God towards the wicked. They don’t understand the entire reason for it is to lead them to repentance. God doesn’t force us to repent. But His kindness, forbearance, and patience is given so we will come to understand the need for it. Men should see the goodness of God and understand:

  • God has been better to them than they deserve.
  • God has shown them kindness when they have ignored Him.
  • God has shown them kindness when they have mocked Him.
  • God is not a cruel master and they may safely surrender to Him.
  • God is perfectly willing to forgive them.
  • God should be served out of simple

If you are waiting for God to drive you to repentance know that He doesn’t work like that; God leads you to repentance through His character and love. But we have to ake the step to come and receive it!

Romans 2:1-3

In Romans 2:1-3 Paul gets pretty direct with us.  He lays it right on the line – we have no excuse and can’t raise ourselves above others for any reason, because we are equally guilty. “Therefore you have no excuse, O man, every one of you who judges.” In the first chapter of Romans, Paul points out a number of the things we might consider are big sins. But now he speaks to those of us who are generally moral in the way we live. A good example of this mind set is Jesus’ illustration of the Pharisee and the Publican. If we take those figures from Jesus’ parable, Paul spoke to the Publican in Romans 1 and now he addresses the Pharisee.

We can’t be good enough on our own. We can compare ourselves with others, and find some who may seem to be more sinner that we are. But sin is the great equalizer. All of us have and will sin. So none of us is worthy of eternity with God based on His standards. We all fall short. And the least sinner is equally as guilty as the one who sins most – guilty and condemned. “For in passing judgment on another you condemn yourself, because you, the judge, practice the very same things.” When we judge others, we need to look in the mirror and realize that we are also judging ourselves. We fall short of God’s requirements of godliness, holiness and righteousness. We cannot make it on our own.

It isn’t the judging that makes us guilty and condemned. It is the fact that we too are sinners in need of a Savior. We practice the same sinful things, maybe in different ways or on different levels, but sin is sin no matter how you try and put lipstick on it. It isn’t that we necessarily do the exact same things, but we fall short of God’s perfect requirements. Our sin is all the same (singular), but our sins are not. We will all stand before God and face judgment based on our one sin of falling short of His requirement. We won’t escape God’s judgment. “We know that the judgment of God rightly falls on those who practice such things.”

Paul asks a rhetorical question to those listening – do you think you can escape judgment? The answer is clearly no, but he gives those listening the opportunity to come to that conclusion on their own. The point is clear. We are sinners who will stand before a just and holy God and come up empty. Our sins are not the issue – our sin is – that we heart is not pure and we are guilty. We can run. We can hide. We can pretend that none of this will apply to us because we’re basically good. But the truth is, we’re all guilty and going to be judged. “Do you suppose, O man–you who judge those who practice such things and yet do them yourself–that you will escape the judgment of God?” What’s your response going to be?

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