Proverbs 30:1-6

Proverbs 30 is a collection of wisdom from a man known only to this chapter of the Bible. We’ll look at the first few verses of his work. When the men of Hezekiah gathered additional material for Proverbs they added these words of Agur. We have no other mention of Agur the son of Jakeh. It appears evident that Solomon was not the author of this chapter; and that it was designed to be distinguished from his work. Agur is defined as an oracle. Agur understood that his words here came from God. His words are filled with observations on life and the natural world. “The words of Agur son of Jakeh. The oracle.”

It appears that Agur is weary and comes to God worn out. “The man declares, I am weary, O God; I am weary, O God, and worn out.“ He knows that when it comes to being compared to God, he appears stupid, like all of us do. “Surely I am too stupid to be a man. I have not the understanding of a man. I have not learned wisdom, nor have I knowledge of the Holy One.” Many previous proverbs teach that humility is an essential aspect of wisdom. Here, with poetic exaggeration, Agur declared his own limitations when it comes to understanding and wisdom. Agur was also careful not to boast of his spiritual knowledge. He brings his lesson to us with great humility, not from a position of superiority.

Agur knows his place before God. “Who has ascended to heaven and come down? Who has gathered the wind in his fists? Who has wrapped up the waters in a garment? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is his name, and what is his son’s name? Surely you know!” He asks questions to help us understand our limitations in understanding God and His creation. The wise and humble answer to each of these questions is, God, and not man. After challenging his readers regarding the natural world, Agur finished with a challenge regarding man’s limitations in spiritual knowledge. One can only know what is His name (God’s nature, character) and His Son’s name by God’s own revelation. In all these things, we humbly depend on God’s revelation for our knowledge. We know nothing in and of ourselves.

Agur valued and explained the purity of God’s word. It is all good and all helpful, being completely pure. Because it is pure it can and should be trusted. “Every word of God proves true; he is a shield to those who take refuge in him. Do not add to his words, lest he rebuke you and you be found a liar.” Agur explained that God is a shield. The sense is that God gives His pure word to protect His people if they will use the wisdom and encouragement of His word to put their trust in Him. God’s word needs no addition or improvement from us. We don’t need to take away from His words or add to His words. If we do, we are targets of God’s rebuke and will be exposed as liars.

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