Psalm 110 is a very important psalm of David. Jesus quoted this psalm in his confrontation with the Pharisees in Mt 22:41-46, but the psalm is not only quoted by our Lord as Messianic in that passage; it is more frequently cited by the New Testament writers than any other single portion of the ancient Scriptures. “The Lord says to my Lord”. David is reporting a prophetic statement of God. Yahweh is described as speaking, not to David, but rather to David’s Lord, the Messiah.
David focuses on the future victory that is coming. “Rule in the midst of your enemies”! That happens because of the mighty scepter that God is providing. It is His power that will cause the victory. God will be joined by a host of people that will stand against evil. They will stand with God freely and offer their help to achieve the win. No matter where the battle rages, God’s people will stand together with Him and defeat their enemy.
In verse four we are reminded of the priestly order. “You are a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek”. This is an important part of the psalm. It tells us that Jesus was a priest just as Melchizedek was. What do we know about Melchizedek?
- his name means righteous (zedek) king (melchi). Righteous means “very, very good”.
- he was the King of Jerusalem when Abram met him, (Genesis 14:18-20).
- he had no father or mother, (Hebrews 7:3).
The important thing about Melchizedek is that he was a priest before there were any Jews. He was not a Jewish *priest. This means that Jesus was not a Jewish priest! He was a priest as Melchizedek was.
God is a god of action. He will not only stand at “your right hand”, He will take action:
- “He will shatter kings on the day of his wrath
- He will execute judgment among the nations
- He will shatter chiefs over the wide earth
- He will drink from the brook by the way
- He will lift up his head”
David paints a picture of what lies ahead with Jesus at the controls. He will be victorious!