Psalm 72 is a psalm of Solomon. The exact author or intent is debated, and it likely addresses Solomon in some ways, there is little doubt that the real subject of the psalm is Jesus Christ. “Give the king your justice, O God, and your righteousness to the royal son”! Solomon began this Psalm asking God to bless him. He wants to reign with righteousness. And he wants to lead the people to prosperity through that righteousness and leading them in a close relationship with God.
Solomon wants to care for the people deeply. “May he defend the cause of the poor of the people, give deliverance to the children of the needy, and crush the oppressor! May they fear you while the sun endures, and as long as the moon, throughout all generations”. He is concerned about the down and out, the little people, and wants to see them know and walk with God for all generations. That fear he describes is that the people of Israel – the king, his government, and the people – would fear the Lord forever, throughout all generations.
He wants total dominance. “May all kings fall down before him, all nations serve him”! This was prophesied in a beautiful word from the prophet Nathan, which had in mind both David’s immediate son and successor (Solomon) and David’s ultimate Son and Successor (Jesus the Messiah). Solomon tells us of the complete and total reign that Christ will have. He will “deliver the needy….the poor and him who has no helper….the weak and the needy….he redeems their life.” Christ is the answer for all. He is the solution to the needs of a broken world.
Christ is to be exalted above all. “May his name endure forever, his fame continue as long as the sun! May people be blessed in him, all nations’ call him blessed! Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel, who alone does wondrous things. Blessed be his glorious name forever; may the whole earth be filled with his glory”! Solomon was moved to praise when he considered the greatness of Messiah the King. That should be our response as well to the awesome goodness of our Savior and Lord!