1 Chronicles 3

1 Chronicles 3 tells us of the “sons of David” and then continues down the family tree through Solomon and beyond.  You need a scorecard to keep track of all these wives and kids.  Here is an attempt to do just that.  This list does not contain David’s first wife Michal, the daughter of Saul, with whom he had no children.  Scripture tells us that David had 19 sons by a number of wives, and one daughter Tamar. Take a look at David’s family:

 

Wife # Name Sons
1 Michal None
2 Ahinoam of Jezreel Amnon
3 Abigail the Carmel Daniel
4 Maachah the daughter of King Talmai of Geshur Absalom and Tamar (Daughter)
5 Haggith Adonijah
6 Abital Shephatiah
7 Eglah Ithream
8 Bath-shua (Bathsheba) the daughter of Ammiel Shammua, Shobab, Nathan and Solomon
  Unnamed concubines and wives in Jerusalem Elishua, Eliphelet, Nogah, Nepheg, Japhia, Elishama, Eliada and Eliphelet

David was obviously a busy man.  Not only was he a warrior and leader, but he had a large number of wives and concubines to care for at home.  He took the throne at age thirty.  From what we know Bathsheba was the only wife that had multiple children with him.  Scholars believe he had at least 20 wives and 10 concubines from the different references in scripture.  We’ll learn as we continue our journey that Solomon makes that effort seem to be that of a slacker.

The chapter goes on to capture the lineage through Solomon for 30 generations. This was the line of the kings of Judah and continues on to eventually reach Joseph who was Jesus’ father.  We can see that list in Matthew 1:6-16.  It was through David’s wife Bathsheba that the line continues to Jesus.  It’s important to remember that some of the names we see on these lists may be different, as people often had multiple names in Old Testament times so they refer to the same people and lineage.

Tamar is the only daughter of David that makes the list, although he had many daughters.  She was important to the Bible history as we’ll see her as a central figure in the story with her half-brother Amnon forcing her to have sex with him.  There were captives like Jeconiah who was exiled to Babylon on the list.  Quite a historic family that leads us toward Joseph, the father of Jesus.

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