2 Samuel 8

2 Samuel 8 has David cleaning up his enemies.  Scripture tells us he defeated:

  • Philistines
  • Moab
  • Zobah
  • Syrians

These weren’t small victories.  He took out 20,000 soldiers from Zobah and killed 22,000 from Syria.  Big victories, but it was clear “the Lord gave victory to David wherever he went”.

David captured a lot of gold from the shields of these enemies, along with bronze, and he brought it all to dedicate to the Lord.  The king of Hamath heard of David’s victories and sent his son Joram to David with silver, gold and bronze and thanked him for his defeat of the folks from Zobah who had been at war with them for a long time.  David dedicates it all to God.  He included spoils form other victories earlier over the land of Edom, the Ammonites and Amalek, seven kingdoms in all.

David was smart in how he went about holding on to the victories he had.  In Edom, he had struck down 18,000 soldiers.  In many of these kingdoms he put garrisons in place with his men in place, and he turned those left into slaves that served him.  His success continued as “the Lord gave victory to David wherever he went”.  This wasn’t a fluke. This was all God.  David walked with God, he talked with God, and most important of all, he listened to and then obeyed God.  Not usually or most of the time – but always.  And it provided a solid return.

Things are growing pretty quickly and David needs some help.  “David reigned over all Israel. And David administered justice and equity to all his people”.  He was the main leader.  But he had to appoint some others to help lead the ever growing kingdom.  So he appointed:

  • Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the army
  • Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder
  • Zadok the son of Ahitub and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar were priests
  • Seraiah was secretary
  • Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites
  • David’s sons were priests

He built his leadership team and gave them clarity in what their role was to be.  He was clearly the leader, but he was smart enough to know he couldn’t do it himself and he empowered some around him to do the work of helping lead.


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