Numbers 34

Numbers 34 has God’s instruction for how the land was to be divided by the tribes.  God lays out the boundary clearly for Moses and tells him where the borders are to be.  It is a rather large chunk of land – the land of Canaan – and God has specifically set it aside for His people.  “This is the land that you shall inherit by lot, which the Lord has commanded to give to the nine tribes and to the half-tribe”.

Remember that two and a half tribes had requested their land be on the other side of the Jordan – the tribes of Reuben, Gad and half of Manasseh.  They committed to helping conquer the Promised Land, but were returning across the Jordan to make their home.  So there are nine and half tribes to divide the land.  “These are the names of the men who shall divide the land to you for inheritance: Eleazar the priest and Joshua the son of Nun.”  These two were tasked with drawing the lots and making the assignments.

Moses was to select “one chief from every tribe to divide the land for inheritance”.  He does, and these are the men he selected:

Tribe Chief
Judah Caleb
Simeon Shemuel
Benjamin Elidad
Dan Bukki
Joseph Hanniel
Ephraim Kemuel
Zebulun Elizaphan
Issachar Paltiel
Asher Ahihud
Naphtali Pedahel

There was a big responsibility placed on Eleazar and Joshua to make the division fair according to God’s plan.  I can’t imagine the pressure of taking a large land mass and a huge group of people and trying to make them all happy.  But God set forth the plan and forward they went!

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