Exodus 34

Exodus 34 has round two of Moses receiving the commandments from God.  He had gone up on the mountain before and been given the commandments on two stone tablets, which he quickly broke when he came down and found the people sinning.  So God tells Moses to “Cut for yourself two tablets of stone like the first, and I will write on the tablets the words that were on the first tablets, which you broke. Be ready by the morning, and come up in the morning to Mount Sinai”.  Moses is summoned a second time to come to the mountain to receive God’s words.

Up he goes and meets with God.  He hears God’s truth about His people and their sin.  “The Lord, the Lord, a God merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness, keeping steadfast love for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, but who will by no means clear the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children and the children’s children, to the third and the fourth generation”.  God loves His people, but they won’t be getting a pass on their sin.  There is always a price for sin.  And God is clear it goes beyond the perpetrator to generations following.

Moses again intercedes for the people.  “If now I have found favor in your sight, O Lord, please let the Lord go in the midst of us, for it is a stiff-necked people, and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us for your inheritance”.  Moses pleads for God’s forgiveness and protection.  He knows his role in leading the people and asks God to bless them.  And God agrees saying “all the people among whom you are shall see the work of the Lord, for it is an awesome thing that I will do with you”.  God is going to show up and make it very clear that He is their God.

Moses is on the mountain “with the Lord forty days and forty nights”.  He went up there to get the commandments written again on the stone tablets and that is exactly what happened.  “He wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Commandments”.  These Ten Commandments were God’s guidelines for the people to live by.  They were the framework for walking with God.  Moses spent 40 days and nights on the mountain with God, and he was changed.  “The skin of his face shone because he had been talking with God”.  When we spend time in the presence of God, we will be affected.  With Moses, it wasn’t just the words he returned with, but his actual being was changed.  For us, the change should be our hearts!

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